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ELEVATOR MOTOR

by John Milton
ELEVATOR MOTOR

In our daily lives, almost all of us have things in our homes, workplaces, shopping malls, etc. One of the modern means of transportation we use is elevators. As in cars and white goods, the main parts of elevators are elevator motors. Elevator motor produce the mechanical power required to move the elevator car and are usually located in the elevator shaft or in a machine room above the cabin.

How Do Elevator Motors Work?

  •     Elevator motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
  •     Motors are used to move the elevator car up or down.
  •     The rotational movement of the electric motor is transferred to the elevator cabin through a chain, cable or hydraulic system.
  •     The rotational movement of the engine provides the push-pull force required for the elevator to rise and fall. As a result, thanks to various sensors and control devices located next to the engine, it is possible to go up and down to the desired floor with the desired security.

What are Elevator Motor Parts?

             Pulley or Drum: The drum or pulley that wraps the elevator cable and ensures the movement of the elevator is connected to the output shaft of the motor and rotated by the magnetic force of the motor.

             Elevator Cable: It is wound on the drum or pulley and allows the elevator to move up or down. These cables are generally made of high-strength steel and are produced in various thicknesses depending on factors such as the load and speed that the elevator can carry.

             Control Systems: Control systems control the elevator motor. These systems control the movement of the elevator and determine its speed, direction and stopping points.

             Brake System: The elevator motor works synchronously with a brake system. This system ensures that the elevator stops and remains stationary. The brake system ensures safety by stopping the elevator quickly in emergency situations.

              Gear Box: The elevator motor moves the elevator cable through the gear box. This box provides the movement of the elevator by transmitting the power of the engine to the drum or pulley.

What are the Elevator Motor Types?

              Hydraulic Motors: Moves the elevator cabin using the pressure of hydraulic fluid. These motors are generally used in smaller buildings or elevators with low load carrying capacity.

              Roller Motors: Moves the elevator car by moving the cable or chain through rollers. These motors are generally used to transport heavy loads or in very tall buildings.

              Linear Motors: Moves the elevator cabin by providing a linear movement. These motors are generally used in horizontal movement elevators or special applications.

             Gear Motors: They are used to move the elevator cabin by increasing the torque with the help of gears. These motors are generally used in roller or gear drum systems.

             Gearless Motors: They are used to move the elevator cabin through a gearless motor or pulley. They have quieter operation and require less maintenance.

What Should Be Considered When Choosing an Elevator Motor?

When choosing an elevator motor, factors such as energy efficiency, comfort level, capacity and maintenance-repair costs, space condition and functionality are important. Geared motors generally cost more, with greater energy consumption and larger machine room requirements, but gearless models often offer a better price-performance balance by reducing these two factors.

What is the Importance of Elevator Motors Maintenance?

Elevator motor maintenance is of serious importance for the continuity of a safe and trouble-free transportation system. Regular maintenance increases the performance of the engine, helps prevent malfunctions and helps it operate for a long time. In addition, compliance with safety standards is ensured by detecting and eliminating potential risks during maintenance operations. In this way, the safety and efficiency of elevators are kept at the maximum level, while operating costs and downtime are reduced.

What are the Safety Standards in Elevator Engine and How Are They Achieved?

Safety functions in elevator engines include systems that provide rapid stopping in emergency situations, emergency communication systems and fire detection and intervention systems. These functions require compliance with international and local regulations and are constantly checked to ensure the safety of the elevators and the safety of the users. In this way, elevators operate safely and smoothly, providing the security required for daily use.

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