There is no cure for diabetes. It can cause visual impairment/loss, kidney disease, coronary heart disease, neuropathy, etc. It leads to uncontrolled diabetes. The approach to treating diabetes includes early detection, diagnosis, and follow-up. What medical equipment is needed to detect and treat various related problems?
Diabetes is considered one of the most important urban diseases in the world, and it has a negative impact on health and quality of life.
General Global Idea
Due to the high prevalence of 11.8% and the increasing incidence of diabetes worldwide, many specialized diabetes clinics are being established in the world and more are expected to be established. Let’s take a look at the Medical diagnostic tools needed to detect and treat diabetes.
Complete diabetes preparation includes medical devices for retinopathy, kidney disease, neuropathy, cardiovascular problems, foot care, wound care, nutrition advice etc. examination and treatment.
Diabetes is a metabolic disease caused by high blood sugar levels. Of course, sugar tests are necessary to detect diabetes. The HbA1c test, also known as the hemoglobin A1C test or hemoglobin glycogen test, is an important blood test that gives a good idea of how well your diabetes is under control.
Several other blood tests have been done for early diagnosis and monitoring of the condition.
Therefore, good laboratory performance is critical to a good diabetes clinic. Preferably laboratory services include biochemistry, hematology, pathology, microbiology, and serology. The minimum required medical tools is cell counter, biochemical analyzers, electrolyte analyzers, HbA1C analyzers, microscope, centrifuge, incubator, sterilizer, thermal oven, water bath, etc.
Kidney failure: screening for diabetic nephropathy
Diabetes causes more than 40% of kidney disease in any country. When detected at an early stage, the kidneys can protect themselves. Blood tests include tests for early and late signs of kidney disease for “microalbuminuria” and other kidney function tests to further evaluate your kidneys every 3 to 6 months. People with kidney failure need dialysis.
Eye care: Diabetic retinopathy screening
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the main causes of visual impairment and blindness in diabetes. All diabetics should have a comprehensive eye exam each year that includes:
- Check your eyesight (refraction) with an anti-glare.
- Measuring intraocular pressure with a tonometer
- Slit lamp examination of the anterior segment of the eye to assess cataracts
- Optically integrated retinal/fundus imaging examination
- Fundus camera is used to examine the chest or esophagus, especially the condition of the retina when examining diabetic retinopathy. This procedure is called a fluorescein fundus angiogram (FFA). Fundus camera is one of the most important medical devices for treating diabetes and detecting retinopathy.
- An OCT machine can also be used to perform integrated optical tomography (OCT), a non-contact, non-invasive method of imaging the retina that uses infrared light.
- Good blood sugar control is one of the most important aspects of retinopathy treatment. However, in higher cases, laser photocoagulation or vitrectomy is used to treat retinal abnormalities.
- A routine examination of the diabetic foot should be done to identify early signs of neuropathy, ischemia (ischemia) and foot problems.
Doppler: Doppler helps detect circulatory disorders in the foot.
Vascular examination: A non-invasive vascular exam helps in examining the blood vessels of the entire body.
Foot, Pain and Wound Care: There are several products that aid in the proactive care of feet and wounds.
Diabetes greatly contributes to heart disease. People with diabetes may have “silent ischemia,” in which they do not have symptoms such as chest pain or pressure, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, pain in the jaw or arm, sweating until serious complications occur. Therefore, regular check-ups and follow-up visits are needed to identify risk factors and heart problems.
Some of the tests that will help evaluate heart function include:
Ultrasound/ultrasound device to check the inner thickness of the medial carotid artery (IMT), endothelial dysfunction and test for atherosclerosis
- Thread Test (TMT)
- Optimistic Neighborhood Outpatient Monitoring
- Physiotherapy and diabetes
Monitoring plays an important role in diabetes management. A physical therapist’s advice can go a long way with proper physical activity and exercise. Physical therapy also helps manage pain and proactively manage complications related to diabetes.
The best is a combination of aerobic exercise and resistance exercise. Aerobic exercises strengthen the heart and breathing ability while burning excess fat. Resistance exercises strengthen muscles and bones. It increases the body’s metabolism over time and can help control blood sugar levels.